OTTAWA — Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan announced Wednesday the Liberal government intends to launch consultations with the defence and aerospace industry to replace Canada's existing fleet of CF-18 fighter jets, just the latest step in a process that dates back almost 20 years. Here's a timeline:
1980: Canada decides to buy 138 F-18 Hornets to replace existing air force planes. Their projected lifespan was about 20 years.
1997: The Liberal government invests $10 million in the U.S.-led Joint Strike Fighter program to develop a new fighter jet.
2000: Upgrades to the existing fleet of CF-18s begin in order to keep them flying until 2020.
2001: Lockheed Martin's F-35 wins a competition under the Joint Strike Fighter program, beating out Boeing.
2010: The Conservative government announces it will buy 65 F-35s to replace the CF-18s at a cost of $9 billion. The cost estimate and decision to sole source generate controversies for more than two years.
— Auditor general releases report saying the price tag is $10 billion higher. Conservatives put a freeze on the budget, and hand the procurement process over to a new secretariat.
— A separate Defence Department review later in the year pegs the full cost of owning and operating 65 F-35s through the 2050s at nearly $46 billion.
— National Fighter Procurement Secretariat awards contract to KPMG to review financials for the fighter jet replacement program.
— The secretariat begins consulting industry on available options to replace the CF-18.
— Defence Department does its own assessment of the F-35.
— Independent panel also appointed to review fighter jet options.
— Independent panel delivers its report to government. It evaluated several plans but makes no recommendation, a decision left to senior bureaucrats.
— The recommendation to cabinet is that the F-35 is the right choice.
— The Conservative government says will continue to participate in the Joint Strike Fighter Program to keep all options open until a decision is made on the replacement of the CF-18 fleet.
— The Liberal campaign platform promises they won't buy the F-35 and will hold an open and transparent competition. After forming government in November 2015, the mandate letter for Defence Minister Sajjan repeats promise to hold a competition but drops specific language on F35s.
— Air Force commander Lt.-Gen. Michael Hood tells a Commons committee Canada has enough fighter jets, and that a decision on a replacement can wait five years.
— Sajjan says the air force is facing a "capability gap," which he later explains as a shortage of fighter jets to meet its NATO and NORAD commitments.
— The Liberal government misses a payment to stay in the F-35 program.
— Postmedia reports the government is looking at scrapping the idea of an open competition in favour of a sole-source purchase of Boeing Super Hornets. The government says no decision has been made.
— Sajjan announces next round of consultations.
The Canadian Press