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There was a sombre atmosphere in the House as MPs gathered on this date in 2000 to pay tribute to Pierre Trudeau. The 15th PM had passed into history the day before. The late PM’s long-time colleague and friend, Prime Minister Jean Chrétien spoke first as House business got underway. Former PM Joe Clark offered his own unique tribute after other opposition leaders had spoken.

You will find the addresses by Chrétien and Clark below.

Prime Minister Jean Chrétien: Pierre Elliott Trudeau was a man like no other.

A man of brilliance and learning. A man of action. A man of grace and style. A man of wit and playfulness. A man of extraordinary courage. A complex man, whose love of Canada was pure and simple.

Pierre wrote about “a man who never learned patriotism in school, but who acquired that virtue when he felt in his bones the vastness of his land and the greatness of its founders.” Pierre, too, came to love this land as he climbed its mountain peaks, conquered the rapids of its rivers and wandered the streets of its cities.

Whistler and Mt. Tremblant; the Nahanni and the St. Lawrence; Yonge Street and St. Denis-these Canadian places he felt in his bones and knew in his heart.

Once he told me that after reading the great novel Maria Chapdelaine, he wanted to follow the journey of François Paradis. He departed from La Tuque. Alone, he travelled the northern forest of La Mauricie to Lac Saint Jean. This shows you how much he loved the story and the soil of his country.

Pierre Trudeau was a colleague, a mentor and a friend. He set in motion forces of change that are still shaping the soul of a people and a nation.

Pierre Trudeau’s motto was: “Reason over passion.” But it was his passion for Canada that defined him. It was his dream of a just society that captured the imagination of the country. And made the entire world sit up and take notice. That inspired so many young people to public service. That forever changed an entire generation of Canadians.

Pierre Trudeau was an architect of the Quiet Revolution and the modern Quebec. He also dreamed of a modern Canada. And he made that dream come true.

He came to this House of Commons to build a country in which French-speaking Canadians have their rightful place — from sea to sea. A Canada of two official languages. A Canada that celebrates diversity. A compassionate Canada, that affords all of its citizens an equal opportunity to succeed in life; whatever their background or beliefs; whether rich or poor. A Canada that is active in the world; engaged in the cause of freedom, peace and justice. A champion of developing countries.

His political legacy is enormous. And the centre piece, the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, made him most proud. And allowed me, as Minister of Justice at the time, the opportunity to have many very personal discussions with him on a subject that fired his passions.

Pierre Trudeau was a giant of our times. And a great Canadian.

Today, Canadians share the grief of his family. We prayed with them during those sad days after Michel died. And during Pierre’s final illness. Now that magnificent and eloquent voice is silent. But his deeds and thoughts will last as long as people cherish courage, commitment and Canada-the country he so loved.

Pierre. You made us young. You made us proud. You made us dream.

Thank you, dear friend. And farewell.

The Right Honourable Joe Clark: Mr. Speaker, I would first like to offer my condolences to the family of the late Pierre Elliott Trudeau.

                The loss of one so strong is almost impossible to believe.  We share the family’s sorrow and their pride for what he was, for what he did and for what he gave to a generation of Canadians in terms of leadership.

                We knew Mr. Trudeau was ill.  We knew even that he was suffering from a terminal illness.  And yet, the news of his passing was a shock to us all, because his passing represents more than the disappearance of a man.  Pierre Elliott Trudeau represented a bold new page in the nation’s history, and now the page has been turned.

                We may each draw from his experience, but our purpose today, in this parliament that he towered above, is to express our respect for and our recognition of the talent and devotion of this extraordinary man.

                I feel particularly fortunate to be able to pay my final tribute to Pierre Elliott Trudeau from the floor of the House of Commons.  He was an enigmatic man, tough and kind, cold-blooded and sympathetic.  While I never thought I knew him well, it was here that I knew him best.

                He was Prime Minister when I first entered Parliament and then for seven years we stood directly across the aisle from one another, two sword lengths apart.

                Our parliamentary system requires that the Prime Minister and the Leader of the Opposition disagree.  I did not need the prompting of the system.  On the issues for which Mr. Trudeau is most admired, including particularly his view of Quebec and Canada, I profoundly disagreed.  Yet everyone who served here during those times knew we were in the presence of a man of high intellect, of great and unquestioned integrity, of deep substance, and of real dedication to his concept of the public good.

                Not every politician is lucky in his timing.  Pierre Trudeau was.  He burst into the Canadian consciousness when the country was confident and stretching, ready to change, ready to soar.  He became Prime Minister in that incandescent year of our centennial.  He came out of a city of our great Expo and he used those talents and that timing and those origins to change Canadian society.

                The Canadians whom those changes suited applauded him and will feel forever grateful.   For example, whatever his motive in bringing forward the charter of rights and freedoms, the impact of that initiative was profound on those Canadians who came here from regimes where respect for rights was not part of the natural fabric of society.  Those Canadians now feel more comfortable, more equal, here in their own country.

                At the same time many of those Canadians whom Mr. Trudeau’s changes offended became estranged from their own country. That happened in Quebec with the 1982 constitutional changes.  It happened in the west with the National Energy Program.  It is ironic that a Prime Minister whose mobilizing purpose was the unity of his country should have so exacerbated the difference within our own family.

                I think there is a reason for that.  His intellect guided him more than his intuition did.  In a sense, he was too rational for this country which, after all, was formed and grew against logic.  Pierre Trudeau had a clear view of what he thought our country should be.  He used his power of office and of persuasion to make us that kind of country, whether we were or not.

                I am quite content to let history judge the legacy of his governments.  That will not be a narrow accounting of laws and popularity.  It will be an assessment of how a leader changed a society and, critic though I was of his signature initiatives, I expect that assessment will be positive and strong.  He changed more than laws.  He changed our image of ourselves at home and in the wider world, where he modernized and extended the international vocation of Canada.

                What I would want us to remember today, hours after the passing of this extraordinary man, is precisely Pierre Trudeau’s impact as a leader, his determination to be an agent of change, his capacity to transform society. People who would never vote for him or rarely agree with him admired his passion, his intellect, his courage.  He became a symbol, almost an incarnation of what many Canadians hope we could be.  No one can dispute the positive power of his example.  He was a force who, for better or for worse, transformed our country.

                In that famous 1968 election I was on the other side with Robert Stanfield.  I will never forget the eloquence with which Pierre Trudeau invoked and mobilized the spirit of this country in that first campaign, but he moved beyond eloquence to action, bold action.  Like our first controversial Prime Minister, Sir John A. Macdonald, Pierre Trudeau would have built the railway.

                He was a Canadian of vision, of vigour, of determination, of substance and of strength.  May his soul rest in peace.

Arthur Milnes is an accomplished public historian and award-winning journalist.  He was research assistant on The Rt. Hon. Brian Mulroney’s best-selling Memoirs and also served as a speechwriter to then-Prime Minister Stephen Harper and as a Fellow of the Queen’s Centre for the Study of Democracy under the leadership of Tom Axworthy.  A resident of Kingston, Ontario, Milnes serves as the in-house historian at the 175 year-old Frontenac Club Hotel.
The views, opinions and analyses expressed in the articles on National Newswatch are those of the contributor(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the publishers.
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